The Field Operations Bureau is composed of four uniformed patrol squads. The HCSO has two day shift patrol squads, which work on opposite days, and two night shift patrol squads, which also work on opposite days. Each squad is led by a lieutenant or a sergeant.
Patrol deputies attend a law enforcement academy accredited by the Alabama Peace Officers Standards and Training Commission and complete a field training program under the supervision of a field training officer. Patrol deputies also undergo annual training on a variety of subjects.
The patrol force includes two Belgian Malinois dual-purpose drug detection and apprehension dogs, a Belgian Malinois single-purpose drug detection dog, and two bloodhound tracking dogs.